Warszawa

Before we start our virtual trip following Janusz Korczak we would like you to know some information about   Warsaw.
Warszawa is the capital and largest city of Poland. It is located on the Vistula River – the longest Polish river, which divides the city in half. It is situated roughly 260 kilometres from the Baltic Sea  and 300 kilometres from the Carpathian Mountains. Its population is estimated at 1.711 million residents within a greater metropolitan area of  2.666 million residents, making Warsaw the 9th most populous city proper  in the Europea Union. The area of the city covers 516.9 square kilometres (199.6 sq mi), while the city's agglomeration covers 6,100.43 square kilometres (2,355.39 sq mi). It consists of 11 districts. Warsaw is an Alpha– global city, a major international tourist destination and an important economic hub in Central Europe.

Mermaid - the Warsaw’ s emblem

Warsaw is known as the „phoenix city” because it has survived so many wars throughout its history. We won’t tell all the history of Warsaw. At the beginning of our trip it is important to say, that the city was absolutely demolished during the Second World War.
01.09.1939 Warsaw was bombarded
1943 Uprising in Ghetto
1944 Warsaw Uprising
For that reason we can’t see all places which were connected with Korczak in original. The buildings don’t exist now.

Sea of rubble – over eight out of every ten buildings in Warsaw were destroyed by the end of World War II. On the left centre can be seen ruins of Old Town Market Square.

In 1945, after the bombing, the revolts, the fighting, and the demolition had ended, most of Warsaw layed in ruins(84% of buildings was razed to the ground).

 

After the war, under a Communist regime set up by the conquering Soviets, the "Bricks for Warsaw" campaign was initiated, and large prefabricated housing projects were erected in Warsaw to address the housing shortage, along with other typical buildings of an Eastern Block city, such as the Palace of Culture and Science. The city resumed its role as the capital of Poland and the country's centre of political and economic life. Many of the historic streets, buildings, and churches were restored to their original form. In 1980, Warsaw's historic Old Town was inscribed onto UNESCO's World Heritage list.

 

Palace of Culture and Science, an example of Socialist realism and a main landmark of Warsaw

A view of Powiśle District – in the background  city centre

 

The scenic Old Town Market Square

Monument of the Warsaw  Mermaid on the Old Town 

The picture taken by prize winner of photo contest titled  „Tak widzę Warszawę” (the way I can see Warsaw)– Warsaw Old Town, 2007

Krakowskie Przedmieście Street, a part of Royal Route

The Palace on the Water in Baths Park

Royal Castle 

 

 

 

In Warsaw there are over 40 buildings which are more than 65 m high. It has been said that, Warsaw together with Frankfurt, London, Paris, Moscow, Istanbul and Rotterdam is one of the cities with the highest amount of skyscrapers in Europe. Warsaw is ranked as 48th in the List of cities with the most skyscrypers  around the world.The highest buildings are  the Palace of Culture and Science (231 m)– build in 1955 and warsaw Trade Tower (208 m) – build in1999. 

The Holy Cross Church with the urn containing the heart of Frederick Chopin; on the left Mikołaj Kopernik Monument

The Holy Cross Church with the urn containing the heart of Frederick Chopin; on the left Mikołaj Kopernik Monument     

Frederick Chopin Monument in Royal Baths Park

Frederick Chopin Monument in Royal Baths Park

 

 

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